Colours, Size and Shape

Colours

  1. Beige : bej
  2. Black : hitam
  3. Blue : biru
  4. Brown : cokelat
  5. Cream : krim
  6. Dark Blue : biru tua
  7. Dark colour : warna gelap
  8. Dark Green : hijau tua
  9. Green : hijau
  10. Grey : kelabu
  11. Light Blue : biru muda
  12. Light Brown : cokelat muda
  13. Light Green : hijau muda
  14. Maroon : marun
  15. Orange : oren
  16. Pale colour : warna terang
  17. Pink : merah jambu
  18. Purple : unggu
  19. Red : merah
  20. White : putih
  21. Yellow : kuning

Size

  1. Big : besar
  2. Heavy : berat
  3. Large : besar
  4. Light : ringan
  5. Long : panjang
  6. Short : pendek
  7. Small : kecil
  8. Thick  : tebal
  9. Thin : nipis
  10. Thin (body): kurus
  11. Tiny : kecil sangat

Shape

  1. Cylindrical : Silinder
  2. Flat : rata
  3. Hollow : kosong di dalam
  4. Oval : bujur
  5. Rectangular : empat segi bujur
  6. Rough : kasar
  7. Round : bulat
  8. Smooth : licin
  9. Square : empat segi sama
  10. Triangle : tiga segi

Week 3B : Restaurant Communication1

Hospitality English Program

Introduction

This lesson is about writing simple and continuous sentences using Singular subject

Duration : 120 minutes

Learning Outcome

At the end of this lesson, you must be able to :

  • Identify Singular Subject and know how to match it with Simple or Continuous Verb
  • Identify and use Simple Present Verb in Question and Answer
  • Identify and use Present Continuous Verb in Question and Answer

Reference : Chapter 1, Chapter 2Chapter 3

Watch this video and identify the simple or continuous verbs used

Lecture

  • Class discussion : Tell us what are your friend’s activities?
  • What, Where, Why, When, With Whom does he do it? – Discuss
  • What sorts of NOUNS have you used in the discussion?
  • What types of VERBS have you used in the discussion?
  • Have you used any Adjectives and Prepositions?
  • Have you arranged all your Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives and Preposition correctly?
  • Let’s discuss

Activity – Work in pairs

  • Take turn to ask your partner of his/her daily activities
  • Report/Present his/her activities to the class

Exercise 3b : Basic English Communication

Part 1 (Group work)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate answer based on the verb or non-verb used in the questions

  1. Which room does Mr Alex stay ? He ____________ in room 325
  2. What time does he wish a wake up call? He _____________ a wake up call at 6 o’clock
  3. When is he going to the mangrove? He ______________ there tomorrow
  4. Is he happy to stay here? Yes, He _____________ very happy to stay here.
  5. What time does he like to eat lunch? He ______________ to eat lunch about 1.00pm
  6. Is he in the room now? Yes, He __________ in the room now.
  7. What is he saying ? He _________________ that the food is nice
  8. Which country is he from ? He ______________ from Switzerland
  9. Does he always arrive early for breakfast? Yes, He always____________ early
  10. How many times does he go for a jog in a week? He ______________ once a week

Part 2 (Group Work)

Using Singular subject (eg : he),write 10 present sentences (using instruction in bracket) about :

Your friend’s daily activities at work

  1. (simple verb) Q ______________________________________________
  2. (simple verb) A ______________________________________________
  3. (simple verb) Q ______________________________________________
  4. (simple verb) A ______________________________________________
  5. (cont verb) Q ________________________________________________
  6. (cont verb) A ________________________________________________
  7. (adjective) Q ________________________________________________
  8. (adjective) A ________________________________________________
  9. (prep / noun) Q ______________________________________________
  10. (prep / noun) A ______________________________________________

Sample Answers

Part 1 (Group work)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate answer based on the verb or non-verb used in the questions

  1. Which room does Mr Alex stay ? He stays in room 325
  2. What time does he wish a wake up call? He wishes a wake up call at 6 o’clock
  3. When is he going to the mangrove? He is going there tomorrow
  4. Is he happy to stay here? Yes, He is very happy to stay here.
  5. What time does he like to eat lunch? He likes to eat lunch about 1.00pm
  6. Is he in the room now? Yes, He is in the room now.
  7. What is he saying ? He is saying that the food is nice
  8. Which country is he from ? He is from Switzerland
  9. Does he always arrive early for breakfast? Yes, He always arrives early
  10. How many times does he go for a jog in a week? He goes once a week

Part 2 (Group Work)

Using subject I and You, write 10 present sentences (using instruction in bracket) about :

My daily activities

  1. (simple verb) Q : What time does he arrive at work everyday?
  2. (simple verb) A : He arrives at 6.45am
  3. (simple verb) Q : What does he do at work?
  4. (simple verb) A : Usually He serves customers at the restaurant
  5. (cont verb) Q : Is he going anywhere tomorrow?
  6. (cont verb) A : Yes, He is going to the night market
  7. (adjective) Q : Is he happy to work here?
  8. (adjective) A : Yes, indeed He is very happy
  9. (prep / noun) Q : Is he on holidays now?
  10. (prep / noun) A : Oh no, He is not on holidays anymore

Conclusion

1. In Simple Present Tense

  • A Singular subject combines directly with a Simple Plural Verb, eg : he goes
  • In a Question, Use ‘does’ before a subject, followed by a simple verb, eg : Does he go?

2. In Present Continuous Tense

  • He is used with ‘is’ followed by a continuous verb, eg : He is going
  • The position of ‘is’ is reversed in Question, eg : Is he going?

3. In sentences using an adjective or preposition, the use of ‘is’ is similar to continuous verb, eg : He is happy, Is he happy?

4. Common errors to avoid : He is go, He going, Is he go? Does he going? Does he happy?

Chapter 3 : Present Tense Questions

English Communication Syllabus

How to Construct Present Tense Questions?

Simple Present Questions

[do] + [Subject (P)] + [Vs.pr]

[does] + [Subject (S)] + [Vs.pr]

  • Vs.pr (p) = take (Verb – simple present plural)
  • Note : takes (simple present singular verb) is not used in Questions using does!!

Examples :

  • Do you take the bus to school everyday?
  • Does she take the bus to school everyday

S = Singular, P = Plural

Continuous Present Questions

[ Am ] + [ I ] + [ Vc ]

[Is] + [ Subject (S) ] + [ Vc ]

[Are] + [ Subject (P) ] + [ Vc ]

Vc = Continuous Verb, eg : taking

  • eg : Am I taking your time?
  • eg : Is she taking your time?
  • eg : Are they taking your time?

S = Singular, P = Plural

Non-Verb Questions

(Questions using adjective, preposition, noun)

Note : Whenever there is adjective, preposition or noun after a subject, ‘to be’ ie  is, are or am must be used before the subject

[ Am ] + [ I ] + [ p / a / n ]

[ Is ] + [Subject (S) ] + [ p / a / n ]

[ Are ] +  [Subject (P) ] + [ p / a / n ]

  • eg : Am I happy?, Why I am here?, Am I a good nurse?
  • eg : Is she pretty?, Is she there?, Is she a housewife?
  • eg : Are they noisy?, Are they in the room?, Are they students?

S = Singular, P = Plural, p = preposition, a = adjective, n = noun

Examples :

Simple Verb (Vs) Questions

  • P : Do you take the bus from here everyday? Don’t you take the bus here everyday?
  • S : Does she take the bus from here everyday? Doesn’t she take the bus here everyday?

Continuous Verb (Vc) Questions

  • I : Amtaking the bus with you? Am I not taking the bus with you?
  • S : Is she taking the bus now? Isn’t she taking the bus now?
  • P : Are they taking the bus now? Aren’t they taking the bus now?

Non Verb (Adjective, Preposition, Noun) Questions

  • I : Amhappy ? Am I not confident ?
  • S : Is she from Penang ? Isn’t she in her room ?
  • P : Are they students ? Aren’t they lawyers ?

More Question Examples :

Singular Subject

  • S : Does she eat rice everyday? Doesn’t she eat rice everyday?
  • S : Is she eating rice now? Isn’t she eating rice now?
  • S : Is she here now? Isn’t she here yet?

Plural Subject

  • P : Do they eat rice everyday? Don’t they eat rice everyday?
  • P : Are they eating rice now? Aren’t they eating rice now?
  • P : Are they here now? Aren’t they here yet?

Chapter 2 – How to Construct Present Sentences

English Communication Syllabus

What is Subject – Verb AGREEMENT ?

In a Present sentence,

Singular Subject must agree with Singular verb

Plural Subject must agree with Plural Verb

[Singular subject] + [Singular verb] ,  [Plural subject] + [Plural verb]

  • S : My brother works, but P : My brothers work
  • S : He is working, but P : They are working
  • S : She has eaten, but P : They have eaten

S = Singular, P = Plural

What is the difference when ‘s’ is used with a noun, and when ‘s’ used with a verb?

Note : ‘s’ is used with nouns to indicate Plural Noun Eg : brothers

‘s’ is used with verb to indicate Singular Verb Eg : works, is, has


PRESENT ACTIONS

There are 3 ways to describe present actions

Simple Present Sentences

[Subject (P)] + [Vs.pr(p)]

[Subject (S)] + [Vs.pr(s)]

  • Vs.pr (p) = take (Verb – simple present plural)
  • Vs.pr (s) = takes (Verb – simple present singular)

Examples :

  • I take the bus to school everyday
  • She takes the bus to school everyday

S = Singular, P = Plural

Continuous Present Sentences

[ I ] + [ am ] + [ Vc ]

[ Subject (S) ] + [ is ] + [ Vc ]

[ Subject (P) ] + [ are ] + [ Vc ]

Vc = Continuous Verb, eg : taking

  • eg : I am taking
  • eg : She is taking
  • eg : They are taking

S = Singular, P = Plural

Non Verb

(Sentences using adjective, preposition, noun)

Note : Whenever there is no verb after a subject, ‘to be’ ie  is, are or am must be used before the adjective, preposition or noun

[ I ] + [ am ] + [ p / a / n ]

[ Subject (S) ] + [ is ] + [ p / a / n ]

[ Subject (P) ] + [ are ] + [ p / a / n ]

  • eg : I am happy, I am here, I am a nurse
  • eg : She is pretty, She is there, She is my wife
  • eg : They are noisy, They are in the room, They are students

S = Singular, P = Plural, p = preposition, a = adjective, n = noun

Present Action  – Giving Answer / Statement

Simple Verb (Vs)

  • I : I take the bus from here everyday. I don’t take the bus everyday
  • S : She takes the bus from here everyday. She doesn’t take the bus everyday
  • P : They take the bus from here everyday. They don’t take the bus everyday

S = Singular, P = Plural

Note : There is a rule in English Grammar that whenever don’t, doesn’t or didn’t are used, the following verb must be Simple Present Plural, eg : don’t take, doesn’t take, didn’t take

Continuous Verb (Vc)

  • I : I am taking the bus now. I am not taking the bus now
  • S : She is taking the bus now. She is not taking the bus now
  • P : They are taking the bus now. They are not taking the bus now

S = Singular, P = Plural

Non Verb : Adjective (a), Preposition (p), Noun (n)

  • I : I am very happy (a). I am not confident (a)
  • S : She is from Penang (p). She is not in her room (p)
  • P : They are students (n). They are not lawyers (n)

S = Singular, P = Plural

More Examples :

  • I eat rice everyday. I don’t eat rice everyday
  • I am eating rice now. I am not eating rice now
  • I am in London now. I am not in KL now
  • She eats rice everyday. She doesn’t eat rice everyday
  • She is eating rice now. She is not eating rice now
  • She is happy today. She is not happy today
  • They eat rice everyday They don’t eat rice everyday
  • They are eating rice now They are not eating rice now
  • They are from England They are not from France

Chapter 1 – Introduction

English Communication Syllabus

In order to speak or write in English, you need to differentiate the following Groups of WORDS in English :

Nouns (n)

Verbs (v)

Adjectives (a)

Prepositions (p)

Exercise : Write the class of verbs of each word given below (ie n = noun, v = verb, a = adjective or p = preposition)

  • House – n
  • right – p
  • is – v
  • taking – v
  • writes – v
  • was – v
  • worried – a,v
  • Taken – v
  • wrote – v
  • were – v
  • don’t – v
  • Big – a
  • writing – v
  • can – v
  • didn’t – v
  • Small – a
  • I – n
  • scared – a,v

Structure of a sentence

When we speak or write, each sentence should be based on the following structure :

[Subject] + [Verb] + [Object]

=  [noun] + [verb] + [n/ v/ a/ p]

eg : I go to school

What is a SUBJECT ?

Subject is either a noun or subject pronoun (eg he) (but not object pronoun, eg him)

SUBJECT must always match with the VERB

Singular Subject – Singular Verb eg : He is

Plural Subject – Plural Verb eg : We are

In each sentence,

Time must match with PRESENT, PAST or FUTURE VERBS

Present Time – Present Verb eg : I work everyday (present)

Past Time – Past Verb eg : I worked yesterday (past)

Future Time – Future Verb or Present Verb eg : I will work tomorrow (future) Or : I work tomorrow (present)

What is a Verb and how to use it ?

Verbs are actions done by any noun. For Active Voice, there are 3 Families of Verbs :

Simple, Continuous and Perfect

Altogether, there are 5 types of Verbs, ie :

  • 3 types of Simple
  • 1 type of Continuous
  • 1 type of Perfect

Examples :

I take (simple present plural) Simple – with Plural Subject

She takes (simple present singular)

I took (simple past)

He is taking (present continous)

He was taking (past continuous)

They have taken (perfect)

Note : Each Verb has its verb pair when used, and in most cases must AGREE with the Subject, ie Singular/Plural

What is Object ?

Object consists of nouns, object pronouns (eg him), verb infinitives, adjectives, adverbs,

time etc.. It is not always important to determine Singular or Plural noun in Object area,

except for sentences using There is, There are etc..

How to use Object ?

Use the following in Object area : nouns, object pronouns, verb infinitives, preposition, adjective, adverb, time etc..

Eg : me, him, my sister, my sisters, to eat, to see, for working, on, in, at, happy, sad, happily, sadly, yesterday, now

Langkawi Plaza 5a

Dialogue

This is how Kuah town looks like from a small bridge right in the heart of the city
Beginilah bandar Kuah kelihatan dari sebuah jambatan kecil di tengah-tengah bandar
As you can see in Kuah town,
Seperti yang anda boleh lihat,
There is absolutely no sky-scraper building
Tiada langsung bangunan pencakar langit

Lesson : Adjective & Adverb

1. Adjective ialah sifat. Ajective boleh digunakan sendirian atau bergabung dengan satu katanama
Contoh : There is no sky-craper builing
The bridge is small
We are looking from a small bridge
2. Apabila menggunakan adjective sendirian, maka verb to be (is, are atau am) hendaklah digunakan
Contoh : The bridge is small
3. Adverb ialah satu perkataan yang menekankan sesuatu katakerja
Contoh : Absolutely no sky-scaper building
He drives quickly
4. Adverb biasanya mepunyai huruf ly dihujung, dan boleh digunakan sebelum atau selepas sesuatu verb

Langkawi Plaza 5a
Langkawi Plaza 5b
Langkawi Plaza 5c

Article, Possession, Adjective