Where, when and how to use verbs ending’..ing’

Tips on writing English : Where, when and how to use ‘…ing’

1. When using a continuous action

Examples

  • I am studying
  • He is learning
  • They are working

2. Whenever the following verbs are used, the immediate verb to follow must be added with ‘..ing’ :

Examples :

  • I enjoy cooking
  • It starts raining
  • It stops raining
  • I finished eating

3. When certain verbs are used with a pronoun

  • I saw him driving in town
  • I heard him coming over next week
  • I called them, expecting to get some answers
  • I tried to persuade him, knowing that it would not be easy

4. When a preposition is used before a verb

Examples :

  • Thank you for calling
  • Please refrain from smoking
  • By reading, we can improve knowledge
  • I am good at drawing
  • I am thinking about buying a house
  • I’d like to inform about the up-coming events
  • When downloading the files, please be careful!
  • He is careful in doing his work

5. As a connector/conjunction between 2 sentences (Whenever a verb and preposition is used)

Examples :

  • I went there, thinking that he would be around
  • I came here, hoping to learn something
  • I went into the room, looking for him

Week 1C : Fundamentals – Grammar

Hospitality English Program

Introduction

This lesson is about writing simple and continuous sentences using Plural subject

Duration : 90 minutes

Learning Outcome

At the end of this lesson, you must be able to :

  • Identify Plural Subject and know how to match it with Simple or Continuous Verb
  • Identify and use Simple Present Verb in Question and Answer
  • Identify and use Present Continuous Verb in Question and Answer

Reference : Chapter 1

Watch this video and identify the simple or continuous verbs used


Lecture

  • Class discussion : Tell us what are your daily activities?
  • What, Where, Why, When, With Whom do you do it? – Discuss
  • What sorts of NOUNS have you used in the discussion?
  • What types of VERBS have you used in the discussion?
  • Have you used any Adjectives and Prepositions?
  • Have you arranged all your Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives and Preposition correctly?
  • Let’s discuss

Activity – Work in pairs

  • Take turn to ask your partner of his/her daily activities

Exercise 1c : Basic English Communication

Part 1 (Group work)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate answer based on the verb or non-verb used in the questions

  1. Which room do you stay ? I ____________ in room 325
  2. What time do you wish a wake up call? I _____________ a wake up call at 6 o’clock
  3. When are you going to the mangrove? I ______________ there tomorrow
  4. Are you happy to stay here? Yes, I _____________ very happy to stay here.
  5. What time do you like to eat lunch? I ______________ to eat lunch about 1.00pm
  6. Are you in the room now? Yes, I __________ in the room now.
  7. What are you saying ? I _________________ that the food is nice
  8. Which country are you from ? I ______________ from Switzerland
  9. Do you always arrive early for breakfast? Yes, I always____________ early
  10. How many times do you go for a jog in a week? I ______________ once a week

Sample Answers

  1. Which room do you stay ? I stay in room 325
  2. What time do you like a wake up call? I like a wake up call at 6 o’clock
  3. When are you going to the mangrove? I am going there tomorrow
  4. Are you happy to stay here? Yes, I am very happy to stay here.
  5. What time do you like to eat lunch? I like to eat lunch about 1.00pm
  6. Are you in the room now? Yes, I am in the room now.
  7. What are you saying ? I am saying that the food is nice
  8. Which country are you from ? I am from Switzerland
  9. Do you always arrive early for breakfast? Yes, I always arrive early
  10. How many times do you go for a jog in a week? I go once a week

Part 2 (Group Work)

Using subject I and You, write 10 present sentences (using instruction in bracket) about :

My daily activities

  1. (simple verb) Q : What time do you arrive at work everyday?
  2. (simple verb) A : I arrive at 6.45am
  3. (simple verb) Q : Who do you serve at work?
  4. (simple verb) A : Usually I serve customers at the restaurant
  5. (continuous verb) Q : Are you going anywhere tomorrow?
  6. (continuous verb) A : Yes, I am going to the night market
  7. (adjective) Q : Are you happy to work here?
  8. (adjective) A : Yes, indeed I am very happy
  9. (preposition) Q : Are you on holidays now?
  10. (preposition) A : Oh no, I am not on holidays anymore

Conclusion

1. In Simple Present Tense

  • A Plural subject combines directly with a Simple Plural Verb, eg : I go
  • In a Question, Use ‘do’ before a subject, followed by a simple verb, eg : Do you go?

2. In Present Continuous Tense

  • I is used with ‘am’ followed by a continuous verb, eg : I am going
  • You is used with are followed by a continuous verb, eg : You are going
  • The position of ‘am’ and ‘are’ are reversed in Question, eg : Are you going? Am I going?

3. In sentences using an adjective or preposition, the use of am and are is similar to continuous verb, eg : I am happy, You are happy, Am I Happy? Are you happy?

4. Common errors to avoid : I am go, I going, Are you go? Do you going? Do you happy?

Week 2A : Front Office Communication

Hospitality English Program

Introduction

This lesson is about Welcoming Guests using Plural subject with simple and continuous verbs and sentences without verb.

Duration : 120 minutes

Learning Outcome

At the end of this lesson, you must be able to :

  • Identify Plural Subject and know how to match it with Simple or Continuous Verb
  • Identify and use Simple Present Verb in Question and Answer
  • Identify and use Present Continuous Verb in Question and Answer
  • Identify sentences without a verb and how to use it
  • Use polite form ‘would you like’ in replacement of ‘do you want’

Watch this video and identify the simple or continuous verbs used


Activity – Group Work

  • Break up into groups of 5 and prepare 5 questions (related to each other) on what to ask when welcoming your guests at the reception (15-20 minutes)
  • Use : What, Where, Why, When, Who
  • What sorts of NOUNS have you used in the discussion?
  • What types of VERBS have you used in the discussion?
  • Have you used any Adjectives and Prepositions?
  • Have you arranged all your Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives and Preposition correctly?
  • Let’s discuss

Discussion :

Reference : Chapter 1Chapter 2

Explanation :  Simple, Continuous Verb and Non-Verbs

Explanation : ‘Would you like’ and ‘Could you please’

Exercise 2a : Hospitality English Communication

Part 1 (Group work)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate answer based on the verb or non-verb used in the questions

  1. Would you like to book a room Sir? Yes, I ____________ to book a room now
  2. How many days would you like to stay Sir? I _____________ to stay for 2 days.
  3. How are you paying Sir ? I ______________ by credit card
  4. Are you happy to stay here Sir? Yes, I _____________ very happy to stay here.
  5. What time do you serve breakfast? We ______________ breakfast from 7.00am everyday
  6. Would you like a receipt? Yes, I _____________ to have it.
  7. Where would you like to go Sir? I _________________ to go to the river cruise
  8. Are you ready to go? Yes, I ______________ to go now
  9. Do you need a wake up call Sir? Yes, I ____________ a wake up call at 6am tomorrow
  10. Do you have any luggage Sir? Yes, I ______________ a few luggage here.

Part 2 (Group Work)

Watch the video and translate the main content to English. Using subject I and You, write 10 present sentences (using instruction in bracket) about :

Hotel Facilities

  1. (simple verb) Q ______________________________________________
  2. (simple verb) A ______________________________________________
  3. (simple verb) Q ______________________________________________
  4. (simple verb) A ______________________________________________
  5. (cont verb) Q ________________________________________________
  6. (cont verb) A ________________________________________________
  7. (adjective) Q ________________________________________________
  8. (adjective) A ________________________________________________
  9. (prep / noun) Q ______________________________________________
  10. (prep / noun) A ______________________________________________

Sample Answers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Part 1 (Group work)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate answer based on the verb or non-verb used in the questions

  1. Would you like to book a room Sir? Yes, I would like to book a room now
  2. How many days would you like to stay Sir? I would like to stay for 2 days.
  3. How are you paying Sir ? I am paying by credit card
  4. Are you happy to stay here Sir? Yes, I am very happy to stay here.
  5. What time do you serve breakfast? We serve breakfast from 7.00am everyday
  6. Would you like a receipt? Yes, I would like to have it.
  7. Where would you like to go Sir? I would like to go to the river cruise
  8. Are you ready to go? Yes, I am ready to go now
  9. Do you need a wake up call Sir? Yes, I need a wake up call at 6am tomorrow
  10. Do you have any luggage Sir? Yes, I have a few luggage here.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Part 2 (Group Work)

Using subject I and You, write 10 present sentences (using instruction in bracket) about :

 

Hotel facilities

  1. (simple verb) Q : What type of services do you have here?
  2. (simple verb) A : We have wi-fi service, entertainment room, sports etc Sir
  3. (simple verb) Q : Do we have to pay for the internet service?
  4. (simple verb) A : No Sir, You do not have to pay for the service
  5. (cont verb) Q : Which room are you staying in Sir?
  6. (cont verb) A : I am staying in room 205
  7. (adjective) Q : Are you satisfied with our services?
  8. (adjective) A : Yes, I am indeed very satisfied
  9. (prep / noun) Q : Are you English Sir?
  10. (prep / noun) A : No, I am American

Conclusion

1. In Simple Present Tense

  • A Plural subject combines directly with a Simple Plural Verb, eg : I go
  • In a Question, Use ‘do’ before a subject, followed by a simple verb, eg : Do you go?
  • ‘Do you like’ is best replaced with ‘would you like’ when speaking to a guest

2. In Present Continuous Tense

  • I is used with ‘am’ followed by a continuous verb, eg : I am going
  • You is used with are followed by a continuous verb, eg : You are going
  • The position of ‘am’ and ‘are’ are reversed in Question, eg : Are you going? Am I going?

3. In sentences using an adjective or preposition, the use of am and are is similar to continuous verb, eg : I am happy, You are happy, Am I Happy? Are you happy?

4. Common errors to avoid : I am go, I going, Are you go? Do you going? Do you happy?

Week 3B : Restaurant Communication1

Hospitality English Program

Introduction

This lesson is about writing simple and continuous sentences using Singular subject

Duration : 120 minutes

Learning Outcome

At the end of this lesson, you must be able to :

  • Identify Singular Subject and know how to match it with Simple or Continuous Verb
  • Identify and use Simple Present Verb in Question and Answer
  • Identify and use Present Continuous Verb in Question and Answer

Reference : Chapter 1, Chapter 2Chapter 3

Watch this video and identify the simple or continuous verbs used

Lecture

  • Class discussion : Tell us what are your friend’s activities?
  • What, Where, Why, When, With Whom does he do it? – Discuss
  • What sorts of NOUNS have you used in the discussion?
  • What types of VERBS have you used in the discussion?
  • Have you used any Adjectives and Prepositions?
  • Have you arranged all your Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives and Preposition correctly?
  • Let’s discuss

Activity – Work in pairs

  • Take turn to ask your partner of his/her daily activities
  • Report/Present his/her activities to the class

Exercise 3b : Basic English Communication

Part 1 (Group work)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate answer based on the verb or non-verb used in the questions

  1. Which room does Mr Alex stay ? He ____________ in room 325
  2. What time does he wish a wake up call? He _____________ a wake up call at 6 o’clock
  3. When is he going to the mangrove? He ______________ there tomorrow
  4. Is he happy to stay here? Yes, He _____________ very happy to stay here.
  5. What time does he like to eat lunch? He ______________ to eat lunch about 1.00pm
  6. Is he in the room now? Yes, He __________ in the room now.
  7. What is he saying ? He _________________ that the food is nice
  8. Which country is he from ? He ______________ from Switzerland
  9. Does he always arrive early for breakfast? Yes, He always____________ early
  10. How many times does he go for a jog in a week? He ______________ once a week

Part 2 (Group Work)

Using Singular subject (eg : he),write 10 present sentences (using instruction in bracket) about :

Your friend’s daily activities at work

  1. (simple verb) Q ______________________________________________
  2. (simple verb) A ______________________________________________
  3. (simple verb) Q ______________________________________________
  4. (simple verb) A ______________________________________________
  5. (cont verb) Q ________________________________________________
  6. (cont verb) A ________________________________________________
  7. (adjective) Q ________________________________________________
  8. (adjective) A ________________________________________________
  9. (prep / noun) Q ______________________________________________
  10. (prep / noun) A ______________________________________________

Sample Answers

Part 1 (Group work)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate answer based on the verb or non-verb used in the questions

  1. Which room does Mr Alex stay ? He stays in room 325
  2. What time does he wish a wake up call? He wishes a wake up call at 6 o’clock
  3. When is he going to the mangrove? He is going there tomorrow
  4. Is he happy to stay here? Yes, He is very happy to stay here.
  5. What time does he like to eat lunch? He likes to eat lunch about 1.00pm
  6. Is he in the room now? Yes, He is in the room now.
  7. What is he saying ? He is saying that the food is nice
  8. Which country is he from ? He is from Switzerland
  9. Does he always arrive early for breakfast? Yes, He always arrives early
  10. How many times does he go for a jog in a week? He goes once a week

Part 2 (Group Work)

Using subject I and You, write 10 present sentences (using instruction in bracket) about :

My daily activities

  1. (simple verb) Q : What time does he arrive at work everyday?
  2. (simple verb) A : He arrives at 6.45am
  3. (simple verb) Q : What does he do at work?
  4. (simple verb) A : Usually He serves customers at the restaurant
  5. (cont verb) Q : Is he going anywhere tomorrow?
  6. (cont verb) A : Yes, He is going to the night market
  7. (adjective) Q : Is he happy to work here?
  8. (adjective) A : Yes, indeed He is very happy
  9. (prep / noun) Q : Is he on holidays now?
  10. (prep / noun) A : Oh no, He is not on holidays anymore

Conclusion

1. In Simple Present Tense

  • A Singular subject combines directly with a Simple Plural Verb, eg : he goes
  • In a Question, Use ‘does’ before a subject, followed by a simple verb, eg : Does he go?

2. In Present Continuous Tense

  • He is used with ‘is’ followed by a continuous verb, eg : He is going
  • The position of ‘is’ is reversed in Question, eg : Is he going?

3. In sentences using an adjective or preposition, the use of ‘is’ is similar to continuous verb, eg : He is happy, Is he happy?

4. Common errors to avoid : He is go, He going, Is he go? Does he going? Does he happy?

Week 8 : Past Actions Singular – Part2

English Communication Lesson

Introduction

This lesson is about writing past action sentences using simple, continuous and perfect verb and Singular subject

Duration : 90 minutes

Learning Outcome

At the end of this lesson, you must be able to :

  • Identify  Simple Past, Perfect or Past Continuous Verb
  • Identify and use Past Action verbs in Question and Answer

Watch the following video and identify the Past Tense Verbs used

Reference : Chapter 6Chapter 7

Lecture

  • Class discussion : Tell us what was your friend’s activities yesterday?
  • What, Where, Why, When, With Whom did he/she do it? – Discuss
  • What sorts of NOUNS have you used in the discussion?
  • What types of VERBS have you used in the discussion?
  • Have you used any Adjectives and Prepositions?
  • Have you arranged all your Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives and Preposition correctly?
  • Let’s discuss

Activity – Work in pairs

  • Take turn to ask your partner of his/her friend’s activities yesterday

Exercise 1a : Basic English Communication

Part 1 (Individual work)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate answer based on the verb or non-verb used in the questions

  1. Where did she live before this? She ____________ in Johore
  2. What time did she wake up yesterday? She _____________ at 6 o’clock in the morning.
  3. Where was she studying before? She ______________ at SMK Mahsuri
  4. Was she happy to study there? Yes, She _____________ very happy to study there.
  5. What time did she eat lunch yesterday? She ______________ lunch about 1.00pm
  6. Was she in the class just now? Yes, he __________ in the class with my friends.
  7. What were you doing there? She _________________ english
  8. What form was she in last year? She ______________ in form 4
  9. Has she done her homework already? Yes, She _______________it already
  10. How many times has she tried to call me? She ______________ to call you 3 times

Part 2 (Group Work – Work in pairs)

Using subject Singular, write 10 present sentences (using instruction in bracket) about :

Our daily activities

  1. (simple) Q ______________________________________________
  2. (simple) A ______________________________________________
  3. (simple) Q ______________________________________________
  4. (simple) A ______________________________________________
  5. (continuous) Q __________________________________________
  6. (continuous) A __________________________________________
  7. (preposition) Q ____________________________________________
  8. (preposiiton) A ___________________________________________
  9. (perfect) Q ______________________________________________
  10. (perfect) A ______________________________________________

Sample Answers

Part 1 (Individual work)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate answer based on the verb or non-verb used in the questions

  1. Where did she live before this? She lived in Johore
  2. What time did she wake up yesterday? She woke up at 6 o’clock in the morning.
  3. Where was she studying before? She was studying at SMK Mahsuri
  4. Was she happy to study there? Yes, She was very happy to study there.
  5. What time did she eat lunch yesterday? She ate lunch about 1.00pm
  6. Was she in the class just now? Yes, She was in the class with my friends.
  7. What was she doing there? She was learning english
  8. What form was she in last year? She was in form 4
  9. Has she done her homework already? Yes, She has done it already
  10. How many times has she tried to call me? She has tried to call you 3 times

Part 2 (Group Work)

Using subject I and You, write 10 present sentences (using instruction in bracket) about :

Our daily activities

  1. (simple) Q : Where did she go just now?
  2. (simple) A : She went to the shop
  3. (simple) Q : What did she buy there?
  4. (simple) A : She bought some food
  5. (continuous) Q : What was she doing there?
  6. (continuous) A : She was talking to a friend
  7. (preposition) Q : Was she in the shop?
  8. (preposition) A : Yes, She was in the shop
  9. (perfect) Q : Has she paid your bill?
  10. (perfect) A : Yes, She has already paid it

Conclusion

1. In Simple Past Tense

  • A Singular subject combines directly with a Simple Plural Verb, eg : She went
  • In a Question, Use ‘did’ before a subject, followed by a simple verb, eg : Did she go?

2. In Past Continuous Tense

  • I & She is used with ‘was’ followed by a continuous verb, eg : She was going
  • You & Plural subject are used with were followed by a continuous verb, eg : You were going
  • The position of ‘was’ and ‘were’ are reversed in Question, eg : Were you going? Was I going? was she going?

3. In Perfect Verb

  • Singular subject is used with ‘has’ followed by a perfect verb
  • The position of ‘has’ is reversed in question, eg : Has she done it?

4. In sentences using an adjective or preposition, the use of ‘is’ is similar to continuous verb, eg : She was happy, Was she happy?

5. Common errors to avoid : She was go, She going, Was she go? Did she going? Did she happy?

Week 7 : Past Actions Plural – Part1

English Communication Lesson

Introduction

This lesson is about writing past action sentences using simple, continuous and perfect verb and Plural subject

Duration : 90 minutes

Learning Outcome

At the end of this lesson, you must be able to :

  • Identify  Simple Past, Perfect or Past Continuous Verb
  • Identify and use past action verbs in Question and Answer

Watch the following video and identify the Past Tense verbs used

Reference : Chapter 6, Chapter 7

Lecture

  • Class discussion : Tell us what were your activities yesterday?
  • What, Where, Why, When, With Whom did you do it? – Discuss
  • What sorts of NOUNS have you used in the discussion?
  • What types of VERBS have you used in the discussion?
  • Have you used any Adjectives and Prepositions?
  • Have you arranged all your Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives and Preposition correctly?
  • Let’s discuss

Activity – Work in pairs

  • Take turn to ask your partner of his/her activities yesterday

Exercise 1a : Basic English Communication

Part 1 (Individual work)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate answer based on the verb or non-verb used in the questions

  1. Where did you live before this? I ____________ in Johore
  2. What time did you wake up yesterday? I _____________ at 6 o’clock in the morning.
  3. Where were you studying before? I ______________ at SMK Mahsuri
  4. Were you happy to study there? Yes, I _____________ very happy to study there.
  5. What time did you eat lunch yesterday? I ______________ lunch about 1.00pm
  6. Were you in the class just now? Yes, I __________ in the class with my friends.
  7. What were you doing there? I _________________ english
  8. What form were you in last year? I ______________ in form 4
  9. Have you done your homework already? Yes, I _______________it already
  10. How many times have you tried to call me? I ______________ to call you 3 times

Part 2 (Group Work – Work in pairs)

Using subject I and You, write 10 present sentences (using instruction in bracket) about :

Our daily activities

  1. (simple) Q ______________________________________________
  2. (simple) A ______________________________________________
  3. (simple) Q ______________________________________________
  4. (simple) A ______________________________________________
  5. (continuous) Q __________________________________________
  6. (continuous) A __________________________________________
  7. (preposition) Q ____________________________________________
  8. (preposition) A ___________________________________________
  9. (perfect) Q ______________________________________________
  10. (perfect) A ______________________________________________

Sample Answers

Part 1 (Individual work)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate answer based on the verb or non-verb used in the questions

  1. Where did you live before this? I lived in Johore
  2. What time did you wake up yesterday? I woke up at 6 o’clock in the morning.
  3. Where were you studying before? I was studying at SMK Mahsuri
  4. Were you happy to study there? Yes, I was very happy to study there.
  5. What time did you eat lunch yesterday? I ate lunch about 1.00pm
  6. Were you in the class just now? Yes, I was in the class with my friends.
  7. What were you doing there? I was learning english
  8. What form were you in last year? I was in form 4
  9. Have you done your homework already? Yes, I have done it already
  10. How many times have you tried to call me? I have tried to call you 3 times

Part 2 (Group Work)

Using subject I and You, write 10 present sentences (using instruction in bracket) about :

Our daily activities

  1. (simple) Q : Where did you go just now?
  2. (simple) A : I went to the shop
  3. (simple) Q : What did you buy there?
  4. (simple) A : I bought some food
  5. (continuous) Q : What were you doing there?
  6. (continuous) A : I was talking to a friend
  7. (preposition) Q : Were you in the shop?
  8. (preposition) A : Yes, I was in the shop
  9. (perfect) Q : Have you paid your bill?
  10. (perfect) A : Yes, I have already paid it

Conclusion

1. In Simple Past Tense

  • A Plural subject combines directly with a Simple Plural Verb, eg : I went
  • In a Question, Use ‘did’ before a subject, followed by a simple verb, eg : Did you go?

2. In Past Continuous Tense

  • I is used with ‘was’ followed by a continuous verb, eg : I was going
  • You is used with were followed by a continuous verb, eg : You were going
  • The position of ‘was’ and ‘were’ are reversed in Question, eg : Were you going? Was I going?

3. In Perfect Verb

  • Plural subject is used with ‘have’ followed by a perfect verb
  • The position of ‘have’ is reversed in question, eg : Have you done it?

4. In sentences using an adjective or preposition, the use of am and are is similar to continuous verb, eg : I was happy, You were happy, Was I Happy? Were you happy?

5. Common errors to avoid : I was go, I going, Were you go? Did you going? Did you happy?

Past Tense Questions

English Communication Syllabus

How to Construct Past Tense Questions?

1. Simple Past Questions

[did] + [Subject (P) or (S)] + [Vs.pr(p)]

Vs.pr (p) = take (Verb – simple present plural)

Note : took (simple past verb) is not used in Questions using did!!

S = Singular, P = Plural

Examples :

  • Did you take the bus to school yesterday?
  • Did she take the bus to school yesterday

2. Past Continuous Questions

[Was] + [ I ] + [ Vc ]

[Was] + [ Subject (S) ] + [ Vc ]

[Were] + [ Subject (P) ] + [ Vc ]

Vc = Continuous Verb, eg : taking

S = Singular, P = Plural

  • eg : Wastaking your time?
  • eg : Was she taking your time?
  • eg : Were they taking your time?

3. Non-Verb Questions (Questions using adjective, preposition, noun)

Note : Whenever there is adjective, preposition or noun after a subject, ‘to be’ ie  is, are or am must be used before the subject

[ Was ] + [ I ] + [ p / a / n ]

[ Was ] + [Subject (S) ] + [ p / a / n ]

[ Were ] +  [Subject (P) ] + [ p / a / n ]

  • eg : Was I happy?, Why was I there?, Was I a good nurse?
  • eg : Was she pretty?, Was she there?, Was she a housewife?
  • eg : Were they noisy?, Were they in the room?, Were they students?

S = Singular, P = Plural, p = preposition, a = adjective, n = noun

4. Perfect Verb Questions

[Has] + [ Subject (S) ] + [ Vp ]

[Have] + [ Subject (P) ] + [ Vp ]

Vp = Perfect Verb, eg : taken

S = Singular, P = Plural

  • eg : She has taken dinner already
  • eg : They have taken dinner already

Examples :

1. Simple Past Verb (Vs) Questions

  • P : Did you take the bus from here yesterday? Didn’t you take the bus here yesterday?
  • S : Did she take the bus from here yesterday? Didn’t she take the bus here yesterday?

2. Continuous Verb (Vc) Questions

  • I : Wastaking the bus with you? Wasnot taking the bus with you?
  • S : Was she taking the bus now? Wasn’t she taking the bus now?
  • P : Were they taking the bus now? Weren’t they taking the bus now?

3. Non Verb (Adjective, Preposition, Noun) Questions

  • I : WashappyWasnot confident ?
  • S : Was she from Penang ? Wasn’t she in her room ?
  • P : Were they students ? Weren’t they lawyers ?

4. Perfect Verb (Vp) Questions

  • S : Has she taken dinner already? Hasn’t she taken dinner yet?
  • P : Have you taken dinner already? Didn’t you taken dinner yet?

More Question Examples :

Did you take the bus from here yesterday?         Didn’t you take the bus yesterday?

Did she take the bus from here yesterday?         Didn’t she take the bus yesterday?

Did they take the bus from here yesterday?        Didn’t they take the bus yesterday?

Were you taking the bus just now?                    Weren’t you taking the bus just now?

Was she taking the bus just now?                      Wasn’t she taking the bus just now?

Were they taking the bus just now?                    Weren’t they taking the bus just now?

Were you happy just now ?                               Weren’t you confident just now?

Was she here yesterday?                                  Wasn’t she in her room just now?

Were they students last year?                            Weren’t they lawyers before this?

Have you taken lunch already?                           Haven’t you taken lunch yet?

Has he taken lunch already?                              Hasn’t he taken the bus yet?

Have they taken lunch already?                          Haven’t they taken the bus yet?

Past Tense Sentences

English Communication Syllabus

PAST ACTIONS

There are 4 ways to describe past actions

1. Simple Past Sentences

[Subject (P) or (S)] + [Vs.ps]

Vs.ps (p) = take (Verb – simple past), S = Singular, P = Plural

Examples :

  • I took the bus to school yesterday
  • She took the bus to school yesterday

2. Past Continuous Sentences

[ I ] + [ was ] + [ Vc ]

[ Subject (S) ] + [ was ] + [ Vc ]

[ Subject (P) ] + [ were ] + [ Vc ]

Vc = Continuous Verb, eg : taking, S = Singular, P = Plural

Examples :

  • eg : I was taking, She was taking
  • eg : They were taking

3. Non Verb (Sentences using adjective, preposition, noun)

Note : Whenever there is no verb after a subject, ‘to be’ ie  was or were must be used before the adjective, preposition or noun

[ I ] + [ was ] + [ p / a / n ]

[ Subject (S) ] + [ was ] + [ p / a / n ]

[ Subject (P) ] + [ were ] + [ p / a / n ]

  • eg : I was happy, I was there, I was a nurse
  • eg : She was slim, She was there, She was my manager
  • eg : They were noisy, They were in the room, They were students

Note : S = Singular, P = Plural, p = preposition, a = adjective, n = noun

4. Perfect Sentences

[ Subject (S) ] + [ has ] + [ Vp ]

[ Subject (P) ] + [ have ] + [ Vp ]

Vp = Perfect Verb, eg : taken, S = Singular, P = Plural

  • eg : I have taken
  • eg : She has taken

Past Action  – Giving Answer / Statement

1. Simple Verb (Vs)

  • I : I took the bus from here yesterday. I didn’t take the bus yesterday
  • S : She took the bus from here yesterday. She didn’t take the bus yesterday
  • P : They took the bus from here yesterday. They didn’t take the bus yesterday

Note : There is a rule in English Grammar that whenever don’t, doesn’t or didn’t are used, the verb to follow must be Simple Present Plural, eg : don’t take, doesn’t take, didn’t take

2. Continuous Verb (Vc)

  • I : I was taking the bus just now. I was not taking the bus just now
  • S : She was taking the bus just now. She was not taking the bus just now
  • P : They were taking the bus just now. They were not taking the bus just now

3. Non Verb : Adjective (a), Preposition (p), Noun (n)

  • I : I was very happy (a). I was not confident (a)
  • S : She was from this University (p). She was not in her room (p)
  • P : They were students here (n). They were not lawyers (n)

4. Perfect Verb (Vp)

  • I : I have taken dinner already. I haven’t taken dinner yet
  • S : She has taken dinner already. She hasn’t taken dinner yet
  • P : They have taken dinner already. They haven’t taken dinner yet

Note : S = Singular, P = Plural

More Examples :

I ate rice yesterday I didn’t eat rice yesterday

I was eating rice just now I was not eating rice just now

I have eaten rice already I have not eaten rice yet

I was here yesterday I was not here yesterday

She ate rice yesterday She didn’t eat rice yesterday

She was eating rice just now She was not eating rice just now

She has eaten rice already She has not eaten rice yet

She was here just now She was not here just now

They ate rice yesterday They didn’t eat rice yesterday

They were eating rice just now They were not eating rice just now

They have eaten rice already They have not eaten rice yet

They were here last night They were not here last night

Week 3 : Present Actions (Singular) Part1

English Communication Lesson

Introduction

This lesson is about writing simple and continuous Questions and Answers using Singular subjects

Duration : 90 minutes

Learning Outcome

At the end of this lesson, you must be able to :

  • Identify Singular Subject and know how to match it with Simple or Continuous Verb
  • Identify and use Singular Subject with Simple Present Verb in Question and Answer
  • Identify and use Singular Subject with Present Continuous Verb and Non-verb in Question and Answer

Reference : Chapter 1Chapter 2, Chapter 3

Watch this video and identify the simple or continuous verbs used

Exercise 3a : Basic Communication English

Part 1 (Individual work)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate answer based on the verb or non-verb used in the questions

  1. Where does your brother live ? He ____________ in Langkawi
  2. What time does he wake up everyday? He _____________ at 6 o’clock in the morning.
  3. Where is he studying ? He ______________ at SMK Mahsuri
  4. Is he happy to study there? Yes, He _____________ very happy to study there.
  5. What time does he eat lunch? He ______________ lunch about 1.00pm everyday
  6. Is he in the class now? Yes, He __________ in the class with my friends.
  7. What is he doing there? He _________________ english
  8. What form is he in? He ______________ in form 4
  9. Does he always arrive at 9am every day? Yes, He always____________ at 9am
  10. How many times does he go to tuition in a week? He ______________there once a week

Part 2 (Work in pair)

Using subject He, She or Singular subject, write 10 present sentences about :

My friend’s daily activities

  1. (simple verb) Q : ________________________________________
  2. (simple verb) A : ________________________________________
  3. (simple verb) Q :________________________________________
  4. (simple verb) A : ________________________________________
  5. (cont verb) Q : __________________________________________
  6. (cont verb) A : __________________________________________
  7. (adjective) Q : __________________________________________
  8. (adjective) A : __________________________________________
  9. (prep / noun) Q : ________________________________________
  10. (prep / noun) A :_________________________________________

Sample Answers

Part 1 (Individual work)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate answer based on the verb or non-verb used in the questions

  1. Where does your brother live ? He lives in Langkawi
  2. What time does he wake up everyday? He wakes up at 6 o’clock in the morning.
  3. Where is he studying ? He is studying at SMK Mahsuri
  4. Is he happy to study there? Yes, He is very happy to study there.
  5. What time does he eat lunch? He eats lunch about 1.00pm everyday
  6. Is he in the class now? Yes, He is in the class with my friends.
  7. What is he doing there? He is learning english
  8. What form is he in? He is in form 4
  9. Does he always arrive at 9am every day? Yes, He always arrives at 9am
  10. How many times does he go to tuition in a week? He goes there once a week

Part 2 (Work in pair)

Using subject He, She or Singular subject, write 10 present sentences about :

My friend’s daily activities

  1. (simple verb) Q : What does he like to play?
  2. (simple verb) A : He likes to play badminton
  3. (simple verb) Q : Where does he play the game?
  4. (simple verb) A : He plays it at the sports complex
  5. (cont verb) Q : Is he playing tomorrow?
  6. (cont verb) A : Yes, I think he is playing tomorrow
  7. (adjective) Q : Is he good at badminton?
  8. (adjective) A : Of course, he is really good at it
  9. (prep / noun) Q : Is he at the sports complex now?
  10. (prep / noun) A : No, He is not there, He is at home

Conclusion

1. In Simple Present Tense

  • A Singular subject combines directly with a Simple Singular Verb, eg : He goes
  • In a Question, Use ‘does’ before a subject, followed by a simple verb, eg : Does he go?

2. In Present Continuous Tense

  • Singular Subject is used with ‘is’ followed by a continuous verb, eg : He is going
  • Plural Subject is used with are followed by a continuous verb, eg : You are going
  • The position of ‘is’ and ‘are’ are reversed in Question, eg : Are you going? Is he going?

3. In sentences using an adjective or preposition, the use of am and are is similar to continuous verb, eg : He is happy, He is here, Is he happy?, Is he here?

4. Common errors to avoid : He is go, He going, Is he go? Does he going? Does he happy?

Chapter 3 : Present Tense Questions

English Communication Syllabus

How to Construct Present Tense Questions?

Simple Present Questions

[do] + [Subject (P)] + [Vs.pr]

[does] + [Subject (S)] + [Vs.pr]

  • Vs.pr (p) = take (Verb – simple present plural)
  • Note : takes (simple present singular verb) is not used in Questions using does!!

Examples :

  • Do you take the bus to school everyday?
  • Does she take the bus to school everyday

S = Singular, P = Plural

Continuous Present Questions

[ Am ] + [ I ] + [ Vc ]

[Is] + [ Subject (S) ] + [ Vc ]

[Are] + [ Subject (P) ] + [ Vc ]

Vc = Continuous Verb, eg : taking

  • eg : Am I taking your time?
  • eg : Is she taking your time?
  • eg : Are they taking your time?

S = Singular, P = Plural

Non-Verb Questions

(Questions using adjective, preposition, noun)

Note : Whenever there is adjective, preposition or noun after a subject, ‘to be’ ie  is, are or am must be used before the subject

[ Am ] + [ I ] + [ p / a / n ]

[ Is ] + [Subject (S) ] + [ p / a / n ]

[ Are ] +  [Subject (P) ] + [ p / a / n ]

  • eg : Am I happy?, Why I am here?, Am I a good nurse?
  • eg : Is she pretty?, Is she there?, Is she a housewife?
  • eg : Are they noisy?, Are they in the room?, Are they students?

S = Singular, P = Plural, p = preposition, a = adjective, n = noun

Examples :

Simple Verb (Vs) Questions

  • P : Do you take the bus from here everyday? Don’t you take the bus here everyday?
  • S : Does she take the bus from here everyday? Doesn’t she take the bus here everyday?

Continuous Verb (Vc) Questions

  • I : Amtaking the bus with you? Am I not taking the bus with you?
  • S : Is she taking the bus now? Isn’t she taking the bus now?
  • P : Are they taking the bus now? Aren’t they taking the bus now?

Non Verb (Adjective, Preposition, Noun) Questions

  • I : Amhappy ? Am I not confident ?
  • S : Is she from Penang ? Isn’t she in her room ?
  • P : Are they students ? Aren’t they lawyers ?

More Question Examples :

Singular Subject

  • S : Does she eat rice everyday? Doesn’t she eat rice everyday?
  • S : Is she eating rice now? Isn’t she eating rice now?
  • S : Is she here now? Isn’t she here yet?

Plural Subject

  • P : Do they eat rice everyday? Don’t they eat rice everyday?
  • P : Are they eating rice now? Aren’t they eating rice now?
  • P : Are they here now? Aren’t they here yet?

Week 2 : Present Actions (Plural) Part2

English Communication Lesson

Introduction

This lesson is about writing simple and continuous Questions and Answers using Plural subjects

Duration : 90 minutes

Learning Outcome

At the end of this lesson, you must be able to :

  • Identify Plural Subject, verb and non-verb
  • Know how to find the root question from a  Simple or Continuous Verb sentence
  • Identify and use Simple Present Verb in Question and Answer
  • Identify and use Present Continuous Verb in Question and Answer

Reference : Chapter 1, Chapter 2

Watch this video and identify the simple or continuous verbs used

Exercise 2a : Basic Communication English

Part 1 (Individual work)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate verb based on the verb or non-verb used in the answers

  1. _______ you _______ to go to cable car ? Yes, I like to go to the cable car
  2. How much _________ you ________ for the ticket? I pay RM15 to go up there.
  3. _______ you ________ to be in the gondola? I am nervous to be in the gondola
  4. When _________ you _________ to go there again? I am planning to go next week
  5. Who _________ you _________ to go with? I want to go with my friends
  6. What _________ they _________ there? They have a great view of Langkawi
  7. _________ they ________ ? Yes, they are very popular in the world
  8. Which part of Langkawi ________ they _________ ? They are located at Teluk Burau
  9. _______ they ________ today? Yes, They open everyday unless the weather is bad
  10. How high ___________ they _________ the sea level? They are 800m above the sea

Part 2 (Group Work)

Using subject I, We, You or They or Plural subjects, write 10 present sentences (Q & A) about :

My favourite Shopping Centre

  1. (simple verb) Q : ___________________________________________
  2. (simple verb) A : ___________________________________________
  3. (simple verb) Q : ___________________________________________
  4. (simple verb) A : ___________________________________________
  5. (cont verb) Q : _____________________________________________
  6. (cont verb) A : _____________________________________________
  7. (adjective) Q : _____________________________________________
  8. (adjective) A : _____________________________________________
  9. (prep / noun) Q : ___________________________________________
  10. (prep / noun) A : ________________________________________

Sample Answers

Part 1 (Individual work)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate verb based on the verb or non-verb used in the answers

  1. Do you like to go to cable car ? Yes, I like to go to the cable car
  2. How much do you pay for the ticket? I pay RM15 to go up there.
  3. Are you nervous to be in the gondola? I am nervous to be in the gondola
  4. When are you planning to go there again? I am planning to go next week
  5. Who do you want to go with? I want to go with my friends
  6. What do they have there? They have a great view of Langkawi
  7. Are they popular ? Yes, they are very popular in the world
  8. Which part of Langkawi are they locatedThey are located at Teluk Burau
  9. Do they open today? Yes, They open everyday unless the weather is bad
  10. How high are they above the sea level? They are 800m above the sea

Part 2 (Group Work – Work in Pairs)

Using subject I, You or They or Plural subjects, write 10 present sentences (Q & A) about :

My favourite Shopping Centre

  1. (simple verb) Q : Where do you usually do your shopping?
  2. (simple verb) A : Usually, I do it at Langakwi Parade
  3. (simple verb) Q : Why do you like to shop there?
  4. (simple verb) A : Because they have many choices
  5. (cont verb) Q : Are they having any sales right now?
  6. (cont verb) A : Yes, they are having a great sales now
  7. (adjective) Q : Are they a big shopping centre?
  8. (adjective) A : They are the largest shopping centre in Langkawi
  9. (prep / noun) Q : Are they in Kuah area?
  10. (prep / noun) A : Actually, they are at Klibang area

Conclusion

1. In Simple Present Tense

  • A Plural subject combines directly with a Simple Plural Verb, eg : I go
  • In a Question, Use ‘do’ before a subject, followed by a simple verb, eg : Do you go?

2. In Present Continuous Tense

  • I is used with ‘am’ followed by a continuous verb, eg : I am going
  • You is used with are followed by a continuous verb, eg : You are going
  • The position of ‘am’ and ‘are’ are reversed in Question, eg : Are you going? Am I going?

3. In sentences using an adjective or preposition, the use of am and are is similar to continuous verb, eg : I am happy, You are happy, Am I Happy? Are you happy?

4. Common errors to avoid : I am go, I going, Are you go? Do you going? Do you happy?

Chapter 2 – How to Construct Present Sentences

English Communication Syllabus

What is Subject – Verb AGREEMENT ?

In a Present sentence,

Singular Subject must agree with Singular verb

Plural Subject must agree with Plural Verb

[Singular subject] + [Singular verb] ,  [Plural subject] + [Plural verb]

  • S : My brother works, but P : My brothers work
  • S : He is working, but P : They are working
  • S : She has eaten, but P : They have eaten

S = Singular, P = Plural

What is the difference when ‘s’ is used with a noun, and when ‘s’ used with a verb?

Note : ‘s’ is used with nouns to indicate Plural Noun Eg : brothers

‘s’ is used with verb to indicate Singular Verb Eg : works, is, has


PRESENT ACTIONS

There are 3 ways to describe present actions

Simple Present Sentences

[Subject (P)] + [Vs.pr(p)]

[Subject (S)] + [Vs.pr(s)]

  • Vs.pr (p) = take (Verb – simple present plural)
  • Vs.pr (s) = takes (Verb – simple present singular)

Examples :

  • I take the bus to school everyday
  • She takes the bus to school everyday

S = Singular, P = Plural

Continuous Present Sentences

[ I ] + [ am ] + [ Vc ]

[ Subject (S) ] + [ is ] + [ Vc ]

[ Subject (P) ] + [ are ] + [ Vc ]

Vc = Continuous Verb, eg : taking

  • eg : I am taking
  • eg : She is taking
  • eg : They are taking

S = Singular, P = Plural

Non Verb

(Sentences using adjective, preposition, noun)

Note : Whenever there is no verb after a subject, ‘to be’ ie  is, are or am must be used before the adjective, preposition or noun

[ I ] + [ am ] + [ p / a / n ]

[ Subject (S) ] + [ is ] + [ p / a / n ]

[ Subject (P) ] + [ are ] + [ p / a / n ]

  • eg : I am happy, I am here, I am a nurse
  • eg : She is pretty, She is there, She is my wife
  • eg : They are noisy, They are in the room, They are students

S = Singular, P = Plural, p = preposition, a = adjective, n = noun

Present Action  – Giving Answer / Statement

Simple Verb (Vs)

  • I : I take the bus from here everyday. I don’t take the bus everyday
  • S : She takes the bus from here everyday. She doesn’t take the bus everyday
  • P : They take the bus from here everyday. They don’t take the bus everyday

S = Singular, P = Plural

Note : There is a rule in English Grammar that whenever don’t, doesn’t or didn’t are used, the following verb must be Simple Present Plural, eg : don’t take, doesn’t take, didn’t take

Continuous Verb (Vc)

  • I : I am taking the bus now. I am not taking the bus now
  • S : She is taking the bus now. She is not taking the bus now
  • P : They are taking the bus now. They are not taking the bus now

S = Singular, P = Plural

Non Verb : Adjective (a), Preposition (p), Noun (n)

  • I : I am very happy (a). I am not confident (a)
  • S : She is from Penang (p). She is not in her room (p)
  • P : They are students (n). They are not lawyers (n)

S = Singular, P = Plural

More Examples :

  • I eat rice everyday. I don’t eat rice everyday
  • I am eating rice now. I am not eating rice now
  • I am in London now. I am not in KL now
  • She eats rice everyday. She doesn’t eat rice everyday
  • She is eating rice now. She is not eating rice now
  • She is happy today. She is not happy today
  • They eat rice everyday They don’t eat rice everyday
  • They are eating rice now They are not eating rice now
  • They are from England They are not from France