Week 3B : Restaurant Communication1

Hospitality English Program

Introduction

This lesson is about writing simple and continuous sentences using Singular subject

Duration : 120 minutes

Learning Outcome

At the end of this lesson, you must be able to :

  • Identify Singular Subject and know how to match it with Simple or Continuous Verb
  • Identify and use Simple Present Verb in Question and Answer
  • Identify and use Present Continuous Verb in Question and Answer

Reference : Chapter 1, Chapter 2Chapter 3

Watch this video and identify the simple or continuous verbs used

Lecture

  • Class discussion : Tell us what are your friend’s activities?
  • What, Where, Why, When, With Whom does he do it? – Discuss
  • What sorts of NOUNS have you used in the discussion?
  • What types of VERBS have you used in the discussion?
  • Have you used any Adjectives and Prepositions?
  • Have you arranged all your Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives and Preposition correctly?
  • Let’s discuss

Activity – Work in pairs

  • Take turn to ask your partner of his/her daily activities
  • Report/Present his/her activities to the class

Exercise 3b : Basic English Communication

Part 1 (Group work)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate answer based on the verb or non-verb used in the questions

  1. Which room does Mr Alex stay ? He ____________ in room 325
  2. What time does he wish a wake up call? He _____________ a wake up call at 6 o’clock
  3. When is he going to the mangrove? He ______________ there tomorrow
  4. Is he happy to stay here? Yes, He _____________ very happy to stay here.
  5. What time does he like to eat lunch? He ______________ to eat lunch about 1.00pm
  6. Is he in the room now? Yes, He __________ in the room now.
  7. What is he saying ? He _________________ that the food is nice
  8. Which country is he from ? He ______________ from Switzerland
  9. Does he always arrive early for breakfast? Yes, He always____________ early
  10. How many times does he go for a jog in a week? He ______________ once a week

Part 2 (Group Work)

Using Singular subject (eg : he),write 10 present sentences (using instruction in bracket) about :

Your friend’s daily activities at work

  1. (simple verb) Q ______________________________________________
  2. (simple verb) A ______________________________________________
  3. (simple verb) Q ______________________________________________
  4. (simple verb) A ______________________________________________
  5. (cont verb) Q ________________________________________________
  6. (cont verb) A ________________________________________________
  7. (adjective) Q ________________________________________________
  8. (adjective) A ________________________________________________
  9. (prep / noun) Q ______________________________________________
  10. (prep / noun) A ______________________________________________

Sample Answers

Part 1 (Group work)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate answer based on the verb or non-verb used in the questions

  1. Which room does Mr Alex stay ? He stays in room 325
  2. What time does he wish a wake up call? He wishes a wake up call at 6 o’clock
  3. When is he going to the mangrove? He is going there tomorrow
  4. Is he happy to stay here? Yes, He is very happy to stay here.
  5. What time does he like to eat lunch? He likes to eat lunch about 1.00pm
  6. Is he in the room now? Yes, He is in the room now.
  7. What is he saying ? He is saying that the food is nice
  8. Which country is he from ? He is from Switzerland
  9. Does he always arrive early for breakfast? Yes, He always arrives early
  10. How many times does he go for a jog in a week? He goes once a week

Part 2 (Group Work)

Using subject I and You, write 10 present sentences (using instruction in bracket) about :

My daily activities

  1. (simple verb) Q : What time does he arrive at work everyday?
  2. (simple verb) A : He arrives at 6.45am
  3. (simple verb) Q : What does he do at work?
  4. (simple verb) A : Usually He serves customers at the restaurant
  5. (cont verb) Q : Is he going anywhere tomorrow?
  6. (cont verb) A : Yes, He is going to the night market
  7. (adjective) Q : Is he happy to work here?
  8. (adjective) A : Yes, indeed He is very happy
  9. (prep / noun) Q : Is he on holidays now?
  10. (prep / noun) A : Oh no, He is not on holidays anymore

Conclusion

1. In Simple Present Tense

  • A Singular subject combines directly with a Simple Plural Verb, eg : he goes
  • In a Question, Use ‘does’ before a subject, followed by a simple verb, eg : Does he go?

2. In Present Continuous Tense

  • He is used with ‘is’ followed by a continuous verb, eg : He is going
  • The position of ‘is’ is reversed in Question, eg : Is he going?

3. In sentences using an adjective or preposition, the use of ‘is’ is similar to continuous verb, eg : He is happy, Is he happy?

4. Common errors to avoid : He is go, He going, Is he go? Does he going? Does he happy?

Chapter 1 : Introduction to Malay

DLS Malay Communication Syllabus

Download Fundamentals of Malay Slide

Introduction

This course is designed for English speakers who wish to learn Basic Malay in 20-week lessons.

The Main Differences between English and Malay

1. Tenses

In Bahasa Malaysia, Past Tense Verbs do not exist. Eg : I eat = I ate = Saya makan. Actions are explained using time as present, past or future indicator.

  • Eg : I eat everyday : Saya makan setiap hari
  • Eg : I ate just now : Saya makan tadi
  • Prefixes are widely used with Bahasa Malaysia verbs, eg : me.., be.., ter.. and di...
  • Suffixes are also widely used with Bahasa Malaysia verbs, eg : ..kan, …i

2. Verbs

Similar to English, Bahasa Malaysia uses Simple, Continuous and Perfect Verbs to explain present, past and future actions

3. Active and Passive Sentences

Similar to English, Active and Passive sentences exist in Bahasa Malaysia

  • eg active : I do it – Saya membuatnya
  • eg passive : It is done already – Ia telah dibuat

4. Arrangement of Articles, possessive pronouns and Adjectives

Opposite to English, the articles, possessive pronouns and adjectives are placed after the nouns. Examples :

  • Articles :  the house – rumah itu
  • Possessive pronoun :  my house – rumah saya
  • Adjective : big house – rumah besar

5. How to translate ‘to be is, are, am, was, were etc.. Click here for more

  • When a noun explains its position, ‘to be’ is translated as : berada or ada or can be omitted
    • eg : He is here – Dia berada di sini or Dia ada di sini or Dia di sini
  • When a noun explains itself as a noun, ‘to be’ is translated as : ialah or can be omitted
    • eg : He is a doctor – Dia ialah seorang doktor or Dia seorang doktor or Dia doktor
  • When a noun explains its adjective, ‘to be’ is not translated (it is omitted)
    • eg : The house is big – Rumah itu besar (‘is’ is omitted)
  • When ‘to be’ is used in continuous action, it is translated as : sedang
    • eg : She is cooking – Dia sedang memasak
  • When ‘to be’ is used in a passive voice, it is translated as : di
    • eg : The shop is opened everyday – kedai itu dibuka setiap hari

6. Vowels

  • a : is always pronounced as ‘ah‘ in ‘art’, never other sound like ‘a’ in make, at etc..
    • eg : waktu (time)
  • i : is always pronounced as ‘i in ‘into’, never other sound like ‘i’ in fine, bind etc
    • eg : ini (this), itu (that)
  • o : is always pronounced as ‘o‘ in oval, never other sound like ‘o’ in pot, out etc
    • eg : orang (people)
  • u : is always pronounced as ‘oo‘ in look, book, never other sounds like ‘u’ in upon, up, urban etc
    • eg : untuk (for)

The only inconsistent vowel in Malay is ‘e

e : there are 2 sounds of ‘e

  • i. ‘e‘ as in ‘her’ – mostly applicable to a 3 letter-syllable, eg : berlari (run), berjalan (walk) but sometimes to a 2-letter syllable eg : sepak (slap), belum (not yet)
  • ii. ‘e‘ as in ‘egg’ – mostly applicable in 1 0r 2-letter syllable, eg : esok (tomorrow) lepak (hang around)

7. Consonants

Most consonants sound the same in English and Malay, except :

  • c : always sounds as ‘c‘ in ‘chair’, never other sounds like ‘c’ in car, cat etc
  • q,v, x : there are no official word in Malay starting with ‘q, v and x’. If there are, they are imported words from Arabic, eg : qada’ (re-pay), qadar (rate), Quran (Holy book of Islam)

Combination of consonants :

words with double ‘g’ carries a ‘g’ sound

  • eg : menggunakan (using)

words with ‘ng’ do not exist in English sound, however it is pronounced with nasal ‘ngah’ without ‘g’ sound. (please watch Malay videos to grasp this sound)

  • eg : dengan (with or by)

Article, Possession, Adjective