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Chapter 3 : Present Tense Questions

English Communication Syllabus

How to Construct Present Tense Questions?

Simple Present Questions

[do] + [Subject (P)] + [Vs.pr]

[does] + [Subject (S)] + [Vs.pr]

  • Vs.pr (p) = take (Verb – simple present plural)
  • Note : takes (simple present singular verb) is not used in Questions using does!!

Examples :

  • Do you take the bus to school everyday?
  • Does she take the bus to school everyday

S = Singular, P = Plural

Continuous Present Questions

[ Am ] + [ I ] + [ Vc ]

[Is] + [ Subject (S) ] + [ Vc ]

[Are] + [ Subject (P) ] + [ Vc ]

Vc = Continuous Verb, eg : taking

  • eg : Am I taking your time?
  • eg : Is she taking your time?
  • eg : Are they taking your time?

S = Singular, P = Plural

Non-Verb Questions

(Questions using adjective, preposition, noun)

Note : Whenever there is adjective, preposition or noun after a subject, ‘to be’ ie  is, are or am must be used before the subject

[ Am ] + [ I ] + [ p / a / n ]

[ Is ] + [Subject (S) ] + [ p / a / n ]

[ Are ] +  [Subject (P) ] + [ p / a / n ]

  • eg : Am I happy?, Why I am here?, Am I a good nurse?
  • eg : Is she pretty?, Is she there?, Is she a housewife?
  • eg : Are they noisy?, Are they in the room?, Are they students?

S = Singular, P = Plural, p = preposition, a = adjective, n = noun

Examples :

Simple Verb (Vs) Questions

  • P : Do you take the bus from here everyday? Don’t you take the bus here everyday?
  • S : Does she take the bus from here everyday? Doesn’t she take the bus here everyday?

Continuous Verb (Vc) Questions

  • I : Amtaking the bus with you? Am I not taking the bus with you?
  • S : Is she taking the bus now? Isn’t she taking the bus now?
  • P : Are they taking the bus now? Aren’t they taking the bus now?

Non Verb (Adjective, Preposition, Noun) Questions

  • I : Amhappy ? Am I not confident ?
  • S : Is she from Penang ? Isn’t she in her room ?
  • P : Are they students ? Aren’t they lawyers ?

More Question Examples :

Singular Subject

  • S : Does she eat rice everyday? Doesn’t she eat rice everyday?
  • S : Is she eating rice now? Isn’t she eating rice now?
  • S : Is she here now? Isn’t she here yet?

Plural Subject

  • P : Do they eat rice everyday? Don’t they eat rice everyday?
  • P : Are they eating rice now? Aren’t they eating rice now?
  • P : Are they here now? Aren’t they here yet?

Greeting Lesson 2

Dialogue 2

What are you doing here?
Apa awak buat di sini?
I’m waiting for the boat
Saya sedang menanti bot
Is this the first time you come to Langkawi?
Adakah ini kali pertama awak datang ke Langkawi?
So..this is my first time to come here to Langkawi for a holiday with my family and especially with my beloved wife
Jadi.. inilah kali pertama saya datang ke sini ke Langkawi) untuk bercuti bersama keluarga saya dan khasnya bersama isteri saya yang tercinta

Lesson 2 :  Simple Present Verb, Present Continuous Verb
1. Apabila menyoal, ‘are’ boleh digunakan apabila disebelah kanan ialah katakerja yang mempunyai ..’ing’ eg : ‘doing’
where are you going? (pasangan are ialah going), going adalah continuous verb
where do you go? (pasangan do ialah go), go adalah simple verb
2. Apabila menjawab, I hendaklah digunakan bersama am dan katakerja yang menggunakan ‘ing‘ eg : I am waiting. (Contoh ayat yang salah! – I am wait.. yang ini salah!!)
3. Apabila menjawab, I boleh digunakan dengan katakerja ‘simple’ seperti come, eg : I come from Melaka. Bukan I coming from Melaka atau I am come from Melaka!!

Greeting Lesson 1

Dialogue 1

Hello Sir!
Hi
How are you?
Apa khabar
(I’m) Fine thank you
Saya sihat terima kasih
Where do you come from?
Awak datang (berasal) dari mana?
I come from Melaka
Saya datang (berasal) dari Melaka
What is your name?
Siapa nama awak?
My full name is Amirul
Nama penuh saya ialah Amirul
How old are you Amirul?
Berapa umur awak Amirul
I’m 29
Saya 29 (tahun)

Lesson 1 : Simple Present Verb, What to do when there is no verb?
1. Apabila menyoal di dalam B.I, ayat yang lengkap hendaklah digunakan. Contohnya di dalam B.M, kita biasa tanya ‘dari mana?’ bila merujuk asal-usul seseorang itu, tetapi di dalam B.I, kita hendaklah bertanya ‘Awak datang dari mana?’ iaitu satu ayat yang lengkap
where do you come from? (betul)
where from? (salah!!)
2. Subjek hendaklah digunakan, eg : you (terdapat dua jenis subjek – Singular (eg : you) dan Plural (eg : she))
3. are atau do boleh digunakan di bahagian kiri you, tetapi kedua-duanya hendaklah mempunyai pasangan yang betul di sebelah kanan you
are you from (pasangan are ialah from) – from ialah preposition, bukan verb (non-verb)
do
you come from (pasangan do ialah come) – come ialah simple verb
4. are digunakan apabila perkataan di sebelah kanan subjek bukan katakerja.. eg : from atau Amirul (subjek = you) erk eg : are you Amirul? are you from Melaka?
5. do hendaklah digunakan dengan katakerja ‘simple’ seperti ‘come‘ sekiranya digunakan selepas you
Where do you come from? I come from Melaka (menggunakan simple verb) atau I am from Melaka (tidak menggunakan verb, oleh itu perkataan am hendaklah digunakan sebagai ganti verb)
Bukan : Where are you come from?
6. Susunan perkataan di dalam soalan B.Inggeris : (are)-(you)-(non verb), atau (do)-(you)-(simple verb)