W19 : Passive Voice – Past Action Part 2

English Communication Lesson

Introduction

This lesson is about writing Past passive Questions and Answers using Singular & Plural subjects

Duration : 90 minutes

Learning Outcome

At the end of this lesson, you must be able to :

  • Identify active and passive sentences
  • Know how to use verb to be and perfect verb to construct passive sentences
  • Change active to passive sentences

Video : Coming Soon

Reference : Chapter 8, Chapter 9

Note : Passive voice is desired when writing report, essay, delivering a speech etc.. In this lesson, active questions are converted to passive mode, or better known as passive voice

When using, passive voice, only Perfect Verbs can be used

Exercise 19a : Basic English Communication

Part 1 (Individual Work)

Change the following active questions to passive questions

  1. Did your brother use his car yesterday : ____ his car ______ yesterday?
  2. Did he open the shop yesterday? : ___ his shop ______ yesterday?
  3. Has she reminded you to do it? : ____ you ___________ to do it?
  4. What did he tell the students?  What ______ the students _________ ?
  5. Did he conduct the meeting yesterday? : _____ the meeting _________ yesterday?
  6. Was she inviting them to the ceremony? : _____ they ______________ to the ceremony?
  7. Were they preparing breakfast just now? : ____ the breakfast _____________ just now?
  8. Was he doing the job now? : ____ the job _____________ just now?
  9. Have they found the children? :  ______ the children _______________ ?
  10. Was he washing his car? : ______ his car ________________ ?

Part 2 (Group Work)

Using Singular or Plural subject, write 10 Past passive Questions and Answers about :

The latest game you played

  1. (simple passive) Q : _________________________________
  2. (simple passive) A : _________________________________
  3. (simple passive) Q : _________________________________
  4. (simple passive) A : _________________________________
  5. (simple passive) Q : _________________________________
  6. (simple passive) A : _________________________________
  7. (cont passive) Q : ___________________________________
  8. (cont passive) A : ___________________________________
  9. (cont passive) Q : ___________________________________
  10. (cont passive) A : ___________________________________

Sample Answers

Exercise 19a : Basic English Communication

Part 1 (Individual Work)

Change the following active questions to passive questions

  1. Did your brother use his car yesterday : Was his car used yesterday?
  2. Did he open the shop yesterday? : Was his shop opened yesterday?
  3. Has she reminded you to do it? : Have you been reminded to do it?
  4. What did he tell the students?  What were the students told ?
  5. Did he conduct the meeting yesterday? : Was the meeting conducted yesterday?
  6. Was she inviting them to the ceremony? : Were they being invited to the ceremony?
  7. Were they preparing breakfast just now? : Was the breakfast being prepared just now?
  8. Was he doing the job now? : Was the job being done just now?
  9. Have they found the children? :  Have the children been found ?
  10. Was he washing his car? : Was his car being washed ?

Part 2 (Group Work)

Using Singular or Plural subject, write 10 Past passive Questions and Answers about :

The Money that you found

  1. (simple passive) Q : Where was the money found?
  2. (simple passive) A : It was found on under the pillow
  3. (simple passive) Q : Was it placed there by someone?
  4. (simple passive) A : Certainly it was placed there by someone
  5. (simple passive) Q : Has the money been given away?
  6. (simple passive) A : Yes, the money was given to the warden
  7. (cont passive) Q : How long was the money being kept there?
  8. (cont passive) A : Perhaps, it was being kept for 2 days
  9. (cont passive) Q : When was this incident being reported?
  10. (cont passive) A : It was being reported this morning

Future Tense Questions

English Communication Syllabus

FUTURE ACTIONS – QUESTIONS

There are 4 ways to describe future action questions

1. Simple Future Questions

[Vf] + [Subject (P) or (S)] + [Vs.pr(p)]

  • Vf = Futufre Verb, eg : Can, Will, Must, Should, May, Might
  • Vs.pr (p) = take (Verb – simple present plural), S = Singular, P = Plural

Examples :

  • Can I go there tomorrow?
  • Can she go there tomorrow?

2. Future Continuous Questions

[Vf] + [ I ] + [ be ] + [ Vc ]

[Vf] + [ Subject (S) ] + [ be ] + [ Vc ]

[Vf] + [ Subject (P) ] + [ be ] + [ Vc ]

  • Vc = Continuous Verb, eg : taking, S = Singular, P = Plural
  • Vf = Future Verb : will,  can, should, must, would etc

Examples :

  • eg : will I be taking, will she be taking
  • eg : will they be taking

3. Future Continuous and Simple Questions

[Am] + [I] + [going to] + [Vs.pr(p)]

[Is] + [Subject (S)] + [going to] + [Vs.pr(p)]

[Are] + [Subject (P)] + [going to] + [Vs.pr(p)]

Vs.p r(p)= Simple present (plural) Verb, eg : take, S = Singular, P = Plural

  • eg : am I going to take?
  • eg : is she going to take?
  • eg : are they going to take?

4. Future Non Verb Sentences

(Sentences using adjective, preposition, noun)

Note : Whenever there is no verb after a subject, future ‘to be’ ie  will be must be used before the adjective, preposition or noun. Note : S = Singular, P = Plural, p = preposition, a = adjective, n = noun

[Vf] + [ I ] + [ be ] + [ p / a / n ]

[Vf] + [ Subject (S) ] + [ be ] + [ p / a / n ]

[Vf] + [ Subject (P) ] + [ be ] + [ p / a / n ]

  • Vf = Future Verb : will, can, must, should, could, etc
  • eg : will I be satisfied?, will I be there?, will I be a nurse soon?
  • eg : will she be sad?, will she be there?, will she be a manager?
  • eg : will they be excited?, will they be in the room?, will they be lawyers soon?

Future Actions – Asking Questions

Note : S = Singular, P = Plural

1. Simple Future Questions

  • I : will I take a leave tomorrow? won’t I take a leave tomorrow?
  • S : will she take a leave tomorrow? won’t she take a leave tomorrow?
  • P : will they take a leave tomorrow? won’t take a leave tomorrow?

Note : There is a rule in English Grammar that whenever don’t, doesn’t, didn’t or won’t (will not)  are used, the verb to follow must be Simple Present Plural, eg : don’t take, doesn’t take, didn’t take, won’t take

2. Future Continuous Questions

  • I : I will I be taking the course next month? Why won’t I  be taking the course?
  • S : will she be taking the course next month? Why won’t she be taking the course?
  • P : will they be taking the course next month? Why won’t they be taking the course?

3. Future Continuous and Simple Questions

  • I : am I going to take dinner later? am I not going to take dinner?
  • S : is she going to take dinner later? is she not going to take dinner?
  • P : are they going to take dinner later? are they not going to take dinner?

4. Future Non Verb Questions

Adjective (a), Preposition (p), Noun (n)

  • I : will I be very happy (a)? will I not be confident (a)?
  • S : will she be in her office later (p)? will she not be in her room (p)?
  • P : will they be doctors soon (n)? will they not be lawyers (n)?

More Examples :

will you eat rice today? won’t you eat rice today?

will you be eating rice today? won’t you be eating rice today?

are you going to eat rice today? aren’t you going to eat rice today?

will you be there today? won’t you be there today?

will she eat rice today? won’t she eat rice today?

will she be eating rice today? won’t she be eating rice today?

is she going to eat rice today? isn’t she going to eat rice today?

will she be there today? won’t she be there today?

will they eat rice today? won’t they eat rice today?

will they be eating rice today? won’t they be eating rice today?

are they going to eat rice today? aren’t they going to eat rice today?

will they be there today? won’t they be there today?

Chapter 3 : Present Tense Questions

English Communication Syllabus

How to Construct Present Tense Questions?

Simple Present Questions

[do] + [Subject (P)] + [Vs.pr]

[does] + [Subject (S)] + [Vs.pr]

  • Vs.pr (p) = take (Verb – simple present plural)
  • Note : takes (simple present singular verb) is not used in Questions using does!!

Examples :

  • Do you take the bus to school everyday?
  • Does she take the bus to school everyday

S = Singular, P = Plural

Continuous Present Questions

[ Am ] + [ I ] + [ Vc ]

[Is] + [ Subject (S) ] + [ Vc ]

[Are] + [ Subject (P) ] + [ Vc ]

Vc = Continuous Verb, eg : taking

  • eg : Am I taking your time?
  • eg : Is she taking your time?
  • eg : Are they taking your time?

S = Singular, P = Plural

Non-Verb Questions

(Questions using adjective, preposition, noun)

Note : Whenever there is adjective, preposition or noun after a subject, ‘to be’ ie  is, are or am must be used before the subject

[ Am ] + [ I ] + [ p / a / n ]

[ Is ] + [Subject (S) ] + [ p / a / n ]

[ Are ] +  [Subject (P) ] + [ p / a / n ]

  • eg : Am I happy?, Why I am here?, Am I a good nurse?
  • eg : Is she pretty?, Is she there?, Is she a housewife?
  • eg : Are they noisy?, Are they in the room?, Are they students?

S = Singular, P = Plural, p = preposition, a = adjective, n = noun

Examples :

Simple Verb (Vs) Questions

  • P : Do you take the bus from here everyday? Don’t you take the bus here everyday?
  • S : Does she take the bus from here everyday? Doesn’t she take the bus here everyday?

Continuous Verb (Vc) Questions

  • I : Amtaking the bus with you? Am I not taking the bus with you?
  • S : Is she taking the bus now? Isn’t she taking the bus now?
  • P : Are they taking the bus now? Aren’t they taking the bus now?

Non Verb (Adjective, Preposition, Noun) Questions

  • I : Amhappy ? Am I not confident ?
  • S : Is she from Penang ? Isn’t she in her room ?
  • P : Are they students ? Aren’t they lawyers ?

More Question Examples :

Singular Subject

  • S : Does she eat rice everyday? Doesn’t she eat rice everyday?
  • S : Is she eating rice now? Isn’t she eating rice now?
  • S : Is she here now? Isn’t she here yet?

Plural Subject

  • P : Do they eat rice everyday? Don’t they eat rice everyday?
  • P : Are they eating rice now? Aren’t they eating rice now?
  • P : Are they here now? Aren’t they here yet?